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8.87 Device-Making Equipment—Illegal Possession or Production

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8.87 DEVICE-MAKING EQUIPMENTILLEGAL POSSESSION OR PRODUCTION (18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(4))

The defendant is charged in [Count _______ of] the indictment with [production] [trafficking in] [having control or custody of] [possessing] device-making equipment in violation of Section 1029(a)(4) of Title 18 of the United States Code. In order for the defendant to be found guilty of that charge, the government must prove each of the following elements beyond a reasonable doubt:

First, the defendant knowingly [produced] [trafficked in] [had custody or control of] [possessed] device-making equipment;

Second, the defendant acted with intent to defraud; and

Third, the defendant’s conduct in some way affected commerce between one state and [an]other state[s], or between a state of the United States and a foreign country.

"Device-making equipment" is any equipment, mechanism, or impression designed or primarily used for making an access device or a counterfeit access device.

[A "counterfeit access device" is any device that is counterfeit, fictitious, altered or forged, or an identifiable component of an access device or a counterfeit access device.]

[To "traffic" in device-making equipment means to transfer or otherwise dispose of it to another, or to obtain control of it with intent to transfer or dispose of it to another.]

[To "produce" device-making equipment means to design, alter, authenticate, duplicate, or assemble it.]

Comment

Use this instruction in conjunction with Instruction 8.90 (Access Device—Defined).

See Comment to Instruction 8.84 (Counterfeit Access Devices—Producing, Using, or Trafficking) and Comment to Instruction 8.85 (Unauthorized Access DevicesUsing or Trafficking).

18 U.S.C. § 10 defines interstate and foreign commerce.

18 U.S.C. § 1029(e) defines "access device," "counterfeit access device," "trafficking," "produce," and "unauthorized access device."