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1.4 Burden of Proof—Clear and Convincing Evidence

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1.4 BURDEN OF PROOF—CLEAR AND CONVINCING EVIDENCE

 

When a party has the burden of proving any claim or defense by clear and convincing evidence, it means that the party must present evidence that leaves you with a firm belief or conviction that it is highly probable that the factual contentions of the claim or defense are true. This is a higher standard of proof than proof by a preponderance of the evidence, but it does not require proof beyond a reasonable doubt. 

 

Comment

 

See Colorado v. New Mexico, 467 U.S. 310, 316 (1984) (defining clear and convincing evidence). See also Sophanthavong v. Palmateer, 378 F.3d 859, 866 (9th Cir.2004) (citing Colorado).