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Jury Instruction Numbers Conversion Table

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JURY INSTRUCTION NUMBERS

CONVERSION TABLE 

 

2007 EDITION

ONLINE UPDATES (through 1/2017)

TITLE

 

CHAPTER 1:  INSTRUCTIONS ON THE TRIAL PROCESS

1.0

1.1

Cover Sheet

1.1A

 

1.2

Duty of Jury (Court Reads and Provides Written Set of Instructions)

1.1B   

1.3

Duty of Jury (Court Reads Instructions Only)

1.1C   

1.4

Duty of Jury (Court Reads and Provides Written Set of Instructions at End of Case)

1.2

1.5

Claims and Defenses

1.3

1.6

Burden of Proof—Preponderance of the Evidence

1.4

1.7

Burden of Proof—Clear and Convincing Evidence

1.5

1.8

Two or More Parties—Different Legal Rights

1.6

1.9

What is Evidence

1.7

1.10

What is Not Evidence

1.8

1.11

Evidence for Limited Purpose

1.9

1.12

Direct and Circumstantial Evidence

1.10

1.13

Ruling on Objections

1.11

1.14

Credibility of Witnesses

1.12

1.15

Conduct of the Jury

1.16

Publicity During Trial

1.13

1.17

No Transcript Available to Jury

1.14

1.18

Taking Notes

1.15

1.19

Questions to Witnesses by Jurors

1.16

Jury to Be Guided by Official English Translation/Interpretation

1.17

Use of Interpreters in Court

1.18

1.20

Bench Conferences and Recesses

1.19

1.21

Outline of Trial

 

CHAPTER 2: INSTRUCTIONS ON TYPES OF EVIDENCE

2.1

2.1

Stipulated Testimony

2.2

2.2

Stipulations of Fact

2.3

2.3

Judicial Notice

2.4

2.4

Deposition in Lieu of Live Testimony

2.5

2.5

Transcript of Recording in English

2.6

2.6

Transcript of Recording in Foreign Language

2.7

Disputed Transcript of Recording in Foreign Language

2.7

2.8

Foreign Language Testimony

2.8

2.9

Impeachment Evidence—Witness

2.9

2.10

Tests and Experiments

2.10

2.11

Use of Interrogatories

2.12

Use of Requests for Admission

2.11

2.13

Expert Opinion

2.12

2.14

Charts and Summaries Not Received in Evidence

2.13

2.15

Charts and Summaries Received in Evidence

2.14

2.16

Evidence in Electronic Format

 

CHAPTER 3: INSTRUCTIONS CONCERNING DELIBERATIONS

3.1

3.1

Duty to Deliberate

3.2

Consideration of Evidence—Conduct of the Jury

3.2

3.3

Communication With Court

3.4

Readback or Playback

3.3

3.5

Return of Verdict

3.4

3.6

Additional Instructions of Law

3.5

3.7

Deadlocked Jury

3.8

Continuing Deliberations After Juror is Discharged

 

CHAPTER 4: AGENCY

4.1

4.1

Corporations and Partnerships—Fair Treatment

4.2

4.2

Liability of Corporations—Scope of Authority Not in Issue

4.3

4.3

Liability of Partnerships—Scope of Authority Not in Issue

4.4

4.4

Agent and Principal—Definition

4.5

4.5

Agent—Scope of Authority Defined

4.6

Apparent Agency

4.7

Ratification

4.6

4.8

 

Act of Agent Is Act of Principal—Scope of Authority Not in Issue

4.7

4.9

Both Principal and Agent Sued—No Issue as to Agency or Authority

4.8

4.10

Principal Sued but Not Agent—No Issue as to Agency or Authority

4.9

4.11

Both Principal and Agent Sued—Agency or Authority Denied

4.10

4.12

Principal Sued, but Not Agent—Agency or Authority Denied

4.13

Adverse Interest Exception

4.11

4.14

Independent Contractor—Definition

4.12

4.15

General Partnership—Definition

4.13

4.16

General Partnership—Scope of Partnership Business Defined

4.14

4.17

General Partnership—Act of Partner Is Act of All Partners

4.15

4.18

General Partnership—Liability of Partner—No Issue as to Partnership, Agency, or Scope of Authority

4.16

4.19

Partnership—Existence Admitted—Scope of Partnership Business in Issue—Effect

4.17

4.20

Partnership—Existence of Partnership in Issue—Effect

 

CHAPTER 5: DAMAGES

5.1

5.1

Damages—Proof

5.2

5.2

Measures of Types of Damages

5.3

5.3

Damages—Mitigation

5.4

5.4

Damages Arising in the Future—Discount to Present Cash Value

5.5

5.5

Punitive Damages

5.6

5.6

Nominal Damages

 

CHAPTER 6: FEDERAL EMPLOYERS’ LIABILITY ACT

6.1

6.1

Preliminary Jury Instruction—Federal Employers’ Liability Act (45 U.S.C. §§ 51 and 53)

6.2

6.2

FELA–Elements and Burden of Proof

6.3

6.3

FELA–Negligence Defined

6.4

6.4

FELA–Causation

6.5      

6.5

FELA–Plaintiff’s Compliance With Defendant's Request or Directions

6.6

6.6

FELA–Damages (Comment Only)

6.7

6.7

FELA–Plaintiff’s Negligence—Reduction of Damages (45 U.S.C. § 53)

 

CHAPTER 7: JONES ACT AND OTHER ADMIRALTY CLAIMS

7.1

7.1

Seaman Status

7.2

7.2

Jones Act—Negligence Claim—Elements and Burden of Proof (46 U.S.C. § 30104)

7.3

7.3

Jones Act Negligence Claim—Negligence Defined

7.4

7.4

Jones Act Negligence Claim–Causation Defined

7.5

7.5

Unseaworthiness Claim—Elements and Burden of Proof

7.6

7.6

Unseaworthiness Defined

7.7

7.7

Unseaworthiness—Causation Defined

7.8

7.8

Jones Act Negligence or Unseaworthiness—Damages—Proof

7.9

7.9

Jones Act Negligence or Unseaworthiness–Plaintiff's Negligence—Reduction of Damages

7.10

7.10

Jones Act Negligence or Unseaworthiness—Plaintiff’s Compliance With Defendant’s Request or Directions

7.11

7.11

Maintenance and Cure—Elements and Burden of Proof

7.12

7.12

Maintenance and Cure—Willful or Arbitrary Failure to Pay

 

CHAPTER 8: TAX REFUND ACTIONS (WITHDRAWN)

8.1

Tax Refund Actions—Elements and Burden of Proof—Claimed Refund

8.2

Tax Refund Actions—Elements and Burden of Proof—Claimed Deductions

 

CHAPTER 9: CIVIL RIGHTS ACTIONS—42 U.S.C. § 1983

9.1

9.1

Section 1983 Claim—Introductory Instruction

9.2

9.3

Section 1983 Claim Against Defendant in Individual Capacity—Elements and Burden of Proof

9.3

9.4

Section 1983 Claim Against Supervisory Defendant in Individual Capacity—Elements and Burden of Proof

9.4

9.5

 

Section 1983 Claim Against Local Governing Body Defendants Based on Official Policy, Practice, or Custom—Elements and Burden of Proof

9.5

9.6

Section 1983 Claim Against Local Governing Body Defendants Based on Act of Final Policymaker—Elements and Burden of Proof

9.6

9.7

Section 1983 Claim Against Local Governing Body Defendants Based on Ratification—Elements and Burden of Proof

9.7

 

9.8

Section 1983 Claim Against Local Governing Body Defendants Based on Policy of Failure to Train—Elements and Burden of Proof

9.8

9.2

Causation

9.9

9.9

 

Particular Rights–First Amendment–Public Employees—Speech

9.10

Particular Rights–First Amendment–Public Employees—Speaking as a Private Citizen

9.10

9.11

Particular Rights–First Amendment–“Citizen” Plaintiff

9.11

9.12

 

Particular Rights—Fourth Amendment—Unreasonable Search—Generally

9.12

9.13

 

Particular Rights—Fourth Amendment—Unreasonable Search—Exception to Warrant Requirement—Search Incident to Arrest

9.14

Particular Rights—Fourth Amendment—Unreasonable Search—Exception to Warrant Requirement—Search of Vehicle Incident to Arrest of a Recent Occupant

9.13

9.15

 

Particular Rights—Fourth Amendment—Unreasonable Search—Exception to Warrant Requirement—Consent

9.14

9.16

Particular Rights—Fourth Amendment—Unreasonable Search—Exception to Warrant Requirement—Exigent Circumstances

9.15

9.17

Particular Rights—Fourth Amendment—Unreasonable Search—Exception to Warrant Requirement—

Emergency Aid

9.16

9.18

Particular Rights—Fourth Amendment—Unreasonable Seizure of Property—Generally

9.17

9.19

 

Particular Rights—Fourth Amendment—Unreasonable Seizure of Property—Exceptions to Warrant Requirement

9.18

9.20

 

Particular Rights—Fourth Amendment—Unreasonable Seizure of Person—Generally

9.19

9.21

Particular Rights—Fourth Amendment—Unreasonable

Seizure of Person—Exception to Warrant Requirement—Terry Stop

9.22

Particular Rights—Fourth Amendment—Unreasonable Search—Exception to Warrant Requirement—Terry Frisk

9.20

9.23

 

Particular Rights—Fourth Amendment—Unreasonable

Seizure of Person—Probable Cause Arrest

9.21

9.24

 

Particular Rights—Fourth Amendment—Unreasonable Seizure of Person—Detention During Execution of Search Warrant

9.22

9.25

Particular Rights—Fourth Amendment—Unreasonable Seizure of Person—Excessive (Deadly and Nondeadly) Force

9.24

9.26    

 

Particular Rights—Eighth Amendment—Convicted Prisoner’s Claim of Excessive Force

9.25

9.27

 

Particular Rights—Eighth Amendment—Convicted Prisoner’s Claim re Conditions of Confinement/ Medical Care

9.26

9.34

Qualified Immunity (Comment only)

9.28

Particular Rights—Eighth Amendment—Convicted Prisoner’s Claim of Failure to Protect

9.29

Pretrial Detainee’s Claim of Excessive Force (Comment only)

9.30

Particular Rights—Fourteenth Amendment—Pretrial Detainee’s Claim re Conditions of Confinement/ Medical Care

9.31

Particular Rights—Fourteenth Amendment—Pretrial Detainee’s Claim of Failure to Protect

9.32

Particular Rights—Fourteenth Amendment—Substantive Due Process—Interference with Parent/Child Relationship  (Comment only)

9.33

Particular Rights—Fourteenth Amendment—Due Process—Deliberate Fabrication of Evidence

 

CHAPTER 10:  CIVIL RIGHTS—TITLE VII—EMPLOYMENT DISCRIMINATION; HARASSMENT; RETALIATION

10.1A

10.1

Civil Rights–Title VII–Disparate Treatment–When Evidence Supports “Sole Reason” or “Motivating Factor”

10.1B

10.2

Civil Rights—Title VII–Disparate Treatment—“Sole Reason”—Elements and Burden of Proof

10.1C

10.3

Civil Rights—Title VII—Disparate Treatment—“Motivating Factor”—–Elements and Burden of Proof

10.2

10.4

 

Civil Rights—Title VII—Hostile Work Environment—Harassment

10.2A

10.5

Civil Rights—Title VII—Hostile Work Environment—Harassment Because of Protected Characteristics—Elements

10.2B

10.6

Civil Rights—Title VII—Hostile Work Environment Caused by Supervisor—Claim Based upon Vicarious Liability—Tangible Employment Action—Affirmative Defense

10.2C

10.7

Civil Rights—Title VII—Hostile Work Environment Caused by Non-Immediate Supervisoror by Co-Worker—Claim Based on Negligence

10.3

10.8

Civil Rights—Title VII—Retaliation—Elements and Burden of Proof

10.4

Civil Rights—Title VII—Definition of Common Terms

10.4A

10.9

Civil Rights—Title VII—“Adverse Employment Action” Defined

10.4A.1

10.10

Civil Rights—Title VII—“Adverse Employment Action” in Retaliation Cases

10.4A.2

10.11

Civil Rights—Title VII—“Adverse Employment Action” in Disparate Treatment Cases

10.4B

10.12

Civil Rights—Title VII—Tangible Employment Action” Defined

10.4C

10.13

Civil Rights—Title VII—“Constructive Discharge” Defined

10.5

Civil Rights Title VII—Defenses

10.5A

10.14

Civil Rights Title VII—Defense—Bona Fide Occupational Qualification

10.5B

10.15

Civil Rights Title VII—Defense—Bona Fide Seniority System

10.5C

10.16

Civil Rights Title VII—Defense—After-Acquired Evidence

 

CHAPTER 11: AGE DISCRIMINATION

11.1

Age Discrimination—Disparate Treatment—Elements and Burden of Proof

11.1A

Age Discrimination–Disparate Treatment–Where Evidence Supports “Sole Reason” or “Motivating Factor”

11.1B

Age Discrimination—Disparate Treatment—“Sole Reason”—Elements and Burden of Proof

11.1C

Age Discrimination— Disparate Treatment— “Motivating Factor”—Elements and Burden of Proof

11.2

11.2

Age Discrimination—Hostile Work Environment (Comment only)

11.3

11.3

Age Discrimination—Retaliation (Comment only)

11.4

11.4

Age Discrimination—Disparate Impact—Elements

11.5

11.5

Age Discrimination—Definition of Common Terms (Comment only)

11.6

11.6

Age Discrimination—Defenses (Comment only)

11.6A

11.7

Age Discrimination—Defenses—Bona Fide Occupational Qualification (Comment only)

11.6B

11.8

Age Discrimination —Defenses—Bona Fide Seniority System

11.6C

11.9

Age Discrimination—Defenses—After-Acquired Evidence (Comment only)

11.6D

11.10

Age Discrimination—Defenses—Bona-Fide Employee Benefit Plan

11.6E

11.11

Age Discrimination—Defenses—Reasonable Factor Other Than Age

11.7

11.12

Age Discrimination—Damages (Comment only)

11.7A

11.13

 

Age Discrimination—Damages—Back Pay—Mitigation

11.7B

11.14

Age Discrimination—Damages—Willful Discrimination—Liquidated Damages

 

CHAPTER 12: AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT

12.1A

ADA Employment Actions—Where Evidence Supports “Sole Reason” or “Motivating Factor”

12.1B

ADA Employment Actions—“Sole Reason”—Elements and Burden of Proof

12.1C

ADA Employment Actions—“Motivating Factor”—Elements and Burden of Proof

12.1

ADA Employment Actions—Elements

12.2

12.2

ADA—Physical or Mental Impairment

12.3

ADA—Corrected or Mitigated Disability

12.4

12.3

ADA—Work as a Major Life Activity

12.5

ADA—Manual Task as Major Life Activity

12.4

Interacting with Others as Major Life Activity

12.6

12.5

ADA—Qualified Individual

12.7

12.6

ADA—Ability to Perform Essential Functions— Factors

12.8

12.7

ADA—Reasonable Accommodation

12.9

12.8    

ADA—Undue Hardship

12.10

12.9

ADA—Retaliation

12.11

12.10

ADA—Defenses—Business Necessity 

12.12

12.11

ADA—Defenses—Direct Threat

12.13

12.12  

ADA—Damages (Comment only)

 

CHAPTER 13: LABOR (INCLUDING FAIR REPRESENTATION)

13.1

13.1

Employee Claim Against Union And/or Employer—Labor Management Relations Act (LMRA) § 301

13.2

13.2

LMRA § 301—Damages

 

CHAPTER 14: ANTITRUST

14

14

Antitrust (15 USC § 1 et seq.) (Comment only)

 

CHAPTER 15: TRADEMARK

15.0

15.1

Preliminary Instruction—Trademark

15.1

15.2

Definition— Trademark

15.2

15.3

Definition—Trade Dress

15.3

15.4

Definition—Trade Name/Commercial Name

15.4

15.5

Trademark Liability—Theories and Policies

15.5

15.6

 

Infringement—Elements and Burden of Proof— Trademark

15.6

15.7

Infringement—Elements and Burden of Proof—Trade Dress

15.7

15.8

Infringement—Elements—Presumed Validity and Ownership—Registered Trademark

15.8

15.9

Infringement—Elements—Validity—Unregistered Marks

15.9

15.10

Infringement—Elements—Validity—Unregistered Marks—Distinctiveness

15.10

15.11

 

Infringement—Elements—Validity—Distinctiveness—Secondary Meaning

15.11

15.12

 

Infringement—Elements—Validity—Trade Dress— Non-Functionality Requirement

15.12

15.13

Infringement—Elements—Ownership—Generally

15.14

Infringement—Elements—Ownership—Priority Through Tacking

15.13

15.15

Trademark Ownership—Assignee

15.14

15.16

Trademark Ownership—Licensee

15.15

15.17

Trademark Ownership—Merchant or Distributor

15.16

15.18

Infringement—Likelihood of Confusion— Factors— Sleekcraft Test

15.17

15.19

Infringement—Likelihood of Confusion— Factor— Strength [Distinctiveness] of Trademark

15.18

15.20

Derivative Liability—Inducing Infringement

15.19

15.21

Derivative Liability—Contributory Infringement

15.20

15.22

Defenses—Abandonment—Affirmative Defense— Defendant’s Burden of Proof

15.21

15.23

 

Defenses—Continuous Prior Use Within Remote Geographic Area—Affirmative Defense

15.22

15.24

Defenses—“Classic” Fair Use

15.23

15.25

Defenses—Nominative Fair Use

15.24

15.26

Trademark Damages—Actual or Statutory Notice

15.25

15.27

Trademark Damages—Plaintiff’s Actual Damages

15.28

Trademark Damages—Plaintiff’s Statutory Damages

15.26

15.29

Trademark Damages—Defendant’s Profits

15.27

Trademark Damages—Intentional Infringement (withdrawn)

15.30

Trademark Dilution (Comment Only)

15.31

Anti-Cybersquatting (Comment Only)

 

CHAPTER 16: PATENTS (WITHDRAWN)

16

16

Patents (Comment only)

 

CHAPTER 17: COPYRIGHT

17.0

17.1

Preliminary Instruction—Copyright

17.1

17.2

Copyright—Defined (17 U.S.C. § 106)

17.2

17.3

Copyright—Subject Matter—Generally (17 U.S.C. § 102)

17.3

17.4

Copyright—Subject Matter—Ideas and Expression (17 U.S.C. § 102(b))

17.4

17.5

Copyright Infringement—Elements—Ownership and Copying (17 U.S.C. § 501 (a) - (b))

17.5

17.6

Copyright Infringement—Ownership of Valid Copyright—Definition (17 U.S.C. § 201-205)

17.7

Copyright Interests—Copyright Registration Certificate (17 U.S.C. § 410(c))

17.6

17.8

Copyright Interests—Authorship (17 U.S.C. § 201(a))

17.7

17.9

 

Copyright Interests—Joint Authors (17 U.S.C. §§ 101, 201(a))

17.8

17.10

Copyright Interests—Authors of Collective Works (17 U.S.C. § 201(c))

17.9

17.11

Copyright Interests—Work Made for Hire (17 U.S.C. § 201(b))

17.10

17.12

Copyright Interests—Assignee (17 U.S.C. § 201(d)(1))

17.11

17.13

Copyright Interests—Exclusive Licensee (17 U.S.C. § 201(d)(2))

17.12

17.14

Copyright Infringement—Originality

17.13

17.15

Copyright Interests—Derivative Work (17 U.S.C. §§ 101, 106(2))

17.14

17.16

Compilation (17 U.S.C. § 101)

17.15

17.17

Copying—Access and Substantial Similarity

17.16

17.18

Copyright Infringement—Copying—Access Defined

17.17

17.19

Substantial Similarity—Extrinsic Test; Intrinsic Test

17.18

17.22

Copyright—Affirmative Defense—Fair Use (17 U.S.C. § 107)

17.19

17.23

Copyright—Affirmative Defense—Abandonment

17.20

17.20

Derivative Liability—Vicarious Infringement—

Elements and Burden of Proof

17.21

17.21

Derivative Liability—Contributory Infringement—Elements and Burden of Proof

17.22

17.32

Copyright—Damages (17 U.S.C. § 504)

17.23

17.33

Copyright—Damages—Actual Damages (17 U.S.C. § 504(b))

17.24

17.34

Copyright—Damages—Defendant’s Profits (17 U.S.C. § 504(b))

17.25

17.35

Copyright—Damages—Statutory Damages (17 U.S.C. § 504(c))

17.26

17.36

 

Copyright—Damages–Innocent Infringement (17 U.S.C. § 504(c)(2))

17.27

17.37

Copyright—Damages—Willful Infringement (17 U.S.C. § 504(c)(2))

17.24

Copyright—Affirmative Defense—Copyright Misuse

17.25

Copyright—Affirmative Defense—Implied License

17.26

Copyright—Affirmative Defense—First Sale (17 U.S.C. § 109(a))

 

17.27

Copyright—Affirmative Defense—Service Prover of Network Communications Services Defined (17 U.S.C. § 512(i), (k))

17.28

Copyright—Affirmative Defense—Limitation on Liability for Transitory Digital Network Communications (17 U.S.C. § 512(a))

 

17.29

Copyright—Affirmative Defense—Limitation on Liability for System Caching (17 U.S.C. § 512(b))

17.30

Copyright—Affirmative Defense—Limitation on Liability for Information Residing on Systems or Networks at Direction of Users (17 U.S.C. § 512(c))

17.31

 

Copyright—Affirmative Defense—Limitation on Liability for Information Location Tools (17 U.S.C. § 512(d))

 

CHAPTER 18: SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT

18.0

18.1

Securities Act—Definition of Recurring Terms

18.1

18.2

Securities—Rule 10b-5 Claim

18.2

18.3

Securities—Misrepresentations or Omissions—Materiality

18.4

Securities—Forward-Looking Statements

18.3

18.5

Securities—Knowingly

18.4

18.6

Securities—Justifiable Reliance—Generally

18.5

18.7    

Securities—Justifiable Reliance—Fraud-on-the Market Case

18.6

18.8

Securities—Causation

18.7

18.9

Securities—Damages

18.8

18.10

Securities—Controlling Person Liability

18.9

18.11

Securities—Good Faith Defense to Controlling Person Liability

 

CHAPTER 19: CIVIL RICO (MOVED)

19

8

Civil RICO (Comment only)