You are here

10.1C Civil Rights—Title VII—Disparate Treatment—“Motivating Factor”—Elements and Burden of Proof

Printer-friendly version

10.1C CIVIL RIGHTS—TITLE VII—DISPARATE TREATMENT—"MOTIVATING FACTOR"—ELEMENTS AND BURDEN OF PROOF 

As to the plaintiff’s claim that [his] [her] [[race] [color] [religion] [sex] [national origin]] was a motivating factor for the defendant’s decision to [[discharge] [not hire] [not promote] [demote] [state other adverse action]] [him] [her], the plaintiff has the burden of proving both of the following elements by a preponderance of the evidence:

1. the plaintiff was [[discharged] [not hired] [not promoted] [demoted] [state other adverse action]] by the defendant; and

2. the plaintiff’s [[race] [color] [religion] [sex] [national origin]] was a motivating factor in the defendant’s decision to [[discharge] [not hire] [not promote] [demote] [state other adverse action]] the plaintiff.

[If you find that the plaintiff has proved both of these elements, your verdict should be for the plaintiff. If, on the other hand, the plaintiff has failed to prove either of these elements, your verdict should be for the defendant.]

[Or, if "same decision" affirmative defense applies, add the following, and omit the bracketed paragraph above:]

[If you find that the plaintiff has failed to prove either of these elements, your verdict should be for the defendant. If the plaintiff has proved both of these elements, the plaintiff is entitled to your verdict, even if you find that the defendant’s conduct was also motivated by a lawful reason. If, however, the defendant proves by a preponderance of the evidence that the defendant would have made the same decision even if the plaintiff’s [[race] [color] [religion] [sex] [national origin]] had played no role in the employment decision, your verdict should be for the defendant.] 

Comment

See Comment to Instruction 10.1A (Disparate TreatmentWhere Evidence Supports "Sole Reason" or "Motivating Factor").